The Mongol warriors under the command of Genghis Khan were disciplined and experienced fighters. All men above the age of 16 were able to be drafted. When it came to fighting the Mongol warriors developed very unique methods. They would fight using formations and proven battle tactics. In addition, the leaders were excellent at predicting the enemy’s movement, allowing them to be constantly one step ahead. Most warriors were very skilled with the bow for short, medium and long range combat. If no bows were in hand they had no problem using scimatars and sabres. These swords were curved and effective even when fighting on horseback.
The signature unit of the army was no doubt the horse archer. The uniqueness is owed to the following: the swift Mongolian horses, their battle tactics and specially crafted bows and arrows. The bows are crafted differently for the use of long range and medium range attacks. The Mongol bow was also smaller than the average one but was fully capable of surpassing the fire distance of other bows. The fast and short Mongol horses also contributed greatly to their success. As a warrior would be able to move and think faster than his opponent. The Mongol horse archer was trained to fire at moving targets accurately, sometimes even firing on opponents behind them. This explains that their maneuverability was far superior to their enemy’s.
When it comes to armor Mongol soldiers liked to be agile without being slowed down by too much weight. But they also knew the importance of good armor. Of course not every soldier would be equipped with the best armor, but if they were, then they would have some of the most effective armor of the time. Lamellar armour would be the first choice of a Mongol warrior, an early form of body armour that was comprised of multiple pieces or rectangular material laced together to form a carapace of sorts. The helmet would be made of iron or brass, and typically featured a neck guard to the side and rear created from a Lamellar style construction to move freely. Most of the time Mongol soldiers would also equip small round shields for defence.
All in all, the Mongol warriors can best be defined by their unwillingness to quit and their dedication to their leaders and commanders. This behaviour was greatly rewarded, which created a perpetuating trust. Genghis in particular chose his personal guard from the bravest and most intelligent warriors. Whether you were a noble or a commoner you would be rewarded based on your achievements and merit rather than birth and title.